Description of the project (max. 250 words): National parks of China with unique natural and cultural landscape value are facing the rapid urbanization process and unsustainable tourism, which result in landscape fragmentation and heritage damaged. Consequently, it is imperative to utilize a new landscape approach for them. Landscape character assessment (LCA) as a synthetic and dynamic tool is exploring in most European countries, which would be beneficial for the landscape planning and monitoring. The project will take an empirical research in Lushan National Park that is the cultural landscape of UNESCO with great historic significance. There are two questions for the research: (1) how to implement the LCA framework in different natural and cultural context, and establish the paradigm in cultural landscape fields. (2) how to utilize the LCA into landscape planning and heritage management. Through the qualitative and quantitative analysis such as cluster analysis and grounded theory, the landscape character mapping process will take a stepwise approach in three scales: Poyang Lake region (largest freshwater lake in China) is the first level, Lushan is the second level and Kuling town is the third level. The LCA of Lushan can be multiple utilized for crossing regional integration, holistic protected area and buffer zone delimitation, and providing the basics of land use planning and zoning planning, etc.